There are many learning styles (visual, social, auditory, kinesthetic, and etc.). Aristotle was a kinesthetic learner. Kinesthetic learners are the type of people that learn by doing things. Instead of hearing a boring lecture or seeing a picture of someone else's research. Kinesthetic learners are adventurous and like to explore.
A lot of schools have just lectures. They should be a thing of the past, but they're not. Instead of telling kids a certain vocabulary word and memorizing it, give them a group project, so they can collaborate and apply what they've learned. People will put their initials next to the part of the assignment that they had completed. That will make sure that no one is slacking and everyone gets the amount of credit that they deserve.
The modern day American school system spoon feeds their students, which is wrong. It doesn't allow students to ponder about things. It doesn't allow students to think out side the box or become independent.
If a teacher tells you what a tree is like, you shouldn't take notes and then memorize them. Go out there and see an actual tree. Use your senses (sight, touch, taste, smell, and sound), and find out if the teacher is wrong. You should always be skeptical and ask questions.